Arthritis – recognition, diagnosis

The term arthritis is determined painful diseases of joints and bones, are known for their approximately 200 types. The most important of these include osteoarthritis and arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Others include hereinafter gout arthritis, Reiter’s syndrome and systemic lupus called reactive arthritis. Arthritis can affect both the elderly and the young. The incidence of children from some form of arthritis is very common (approximately every thousandth child). Connective tissue located between the bones called cartilage-consuming and leads to rubbing against each other are the bones in the joints, it usually affects knees, hips, spine and hand. Inflammatory arthritic condition called otherwise called rheumatoid arthritis-RA. The immune system attacks and destroys the joint, bone and cartilage, causing pain and swelling which can lead to difficulties in movement.

arthritisSymptoms of arthritis are stiffness, pain and swelling as limited mobility. Typically, osteoarthritis and arthritis is diagnosed in people between 40 – 60 years In the first place this is pain and joint stiffness, rigidity sometimes is not significant, a noticeable crackling in the joints, including nodular growths located on the bone, usually on the hands and the “loss” of the joints.

RA affects 1 to 3% of the population, usually slowly begins between 30 and 50 years, usually in the small joints in the fingers and feet, the time may develop, causing pain, swelling and stiffness in the other joints, it difficult to move, it can cause malaise and fatigue.

As to the cause of osteoarthritis and arthritis it is not fully known. The probability is greater if a family history of arthritis, however, such a theory is not confirmed. In people who are overweight is also likely to develop higher due to the additional stress on joints, increasing the risk of damage to existing joints also repetitive movements during the day. RA induces immune defect may be a hereditary disease, having genetic.

Arthritis diagnosed based on symptoms and physical examination. The doctor asks questions about the type of work that is performed and 0 actions that are performed on a regular basis, so that may have an impact on the load of the joints. In the event that any illness in the family should be notified by your doctor. In recognition of the important role in the diagnosis of X-rays meet, allowing you to see narrowing the space between the bones in the joints, including the possible calcifications. For the diagnosis of a disease is rheumatic arthritis which also applies CT scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Rapid diagnosis by your doctor gives you the best results in its treatment. Patients are prescribed for various types of drugs, analgesics such as paracetamol, which helps to alleviate the pain, by anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, which reduces inflammation. Antirheumatic drugs that modify the course of the disease can help to stop the proceedings of the disease that is RA. Sometimes surgery is necessary involving the so-called joint reconstruction patients, plastic pond or inserting bone into place so called osteotomy. There are also alternative methods for treatment of arthritis such as: massage, hydrotherapy and acupuncture.

RA can cause many complications such as loss of appetite, fatigue, muscle aches, bumps or weight loss. You may experience eye problems, anemia (iron deficiency) and inflammation of the blood vessels. Treatment of arthritis can cause additional problems. Anti-inflammatory drugs  such as meloxicam can damage the stomach and digestive system. There may be problems with your kidneys. Corticosteroids lead to reduced bone density or increasing the risk of osteoporosis, fractures, also lead to the development of diabetes, herpes zoster, or cataracts.