Pain that occurs in the center of the chest that worsens with physical exertion and improvement in moments of rest, may indicate partial obstruction of a blood vessel by fat, one of the first signs of infarction. When you experience these symptoms, the patient should seek immediate medical attention.
Did you know that experience severe pain or chest tightness may indicate angina? The table, which usually occurs after an episode of stress or physical exertion is established when the pain subsides on standing. Angina pectoris can modify its characteristics, experience worsening of symptoms and, if completely obstruct the artery and stop blood flow in the heart, an acute myocardial infarction may occur.
This disruption of blood flow occurs when one or more vessels that nourish the heart muscle, known as coronary arteries are blocked due to fatty deposits. This obstruction prevents the heart muscle receives blood flow necessary to perform its job of pumping blood to the body.
During physical activity, for example, the heart needs to increase the frequency and strength of the beats, to supply the body tissues with blood, so the heart asks for more blood flow. If the partial obstruction of a coronary artery exists, it will not get all the blood supply necessary and will result in the onset of pain.
According to the US Society of Cardiology (USSC), angina pectoris affects one in 50 people, but it is not classified as a disease, but a symptom passenger and leaves no consequences. Nevertheless, the cardiologist emphasizes that if the person experience any chest discomfort, mainly triggered by physical exertion and improve with rest, medical attention should be sought. Thus, the patient will undergo a cardiac evaluation, as angina, in many cases, above the acute myocardial infarction.
After the patient noticing the symptoms of angina pectoris, the ideal is to seek medical attention as soon as possible, because only the description of the symptoms is enough to establish the diagnosis. However, to confirm the diagnosis and stratify patient risk, additional tests will be required as the electrocardiogram – performed while the patient is physical stress – stress test and even cardiac catheterization, which examines blood vessels .
If there is an artery clogging fat, the doctor will guide the best treatment for the patient, which includes changes in lifestyle habits such as a balanced diet and physical activity, medications, coronary angioplasty – where a doctor inserts a stent, used to keep the artery open – and in some cases surgery.
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